A Classification Tulsa Lawyers Don’t Often Employ
Under Oklahoma law, crimes against persons is not a codified designation or an official category of crimes. Tulsa lawyers more often look at the facts of a case as those facts pertain to the elements of a particular crime. Categorizing crimes according to who is harmed or victimized nonetheless serves as a useful approach for conceptualizing types of criminal offenses.
Unlike other classifications widely used in legal discourse, the idea of crime against persons does find some official acceptance by way of the FBI Uniform Crime Reporting Program’s National Incident-Based Reporting System (NIBRS). The NIBRS taxonomy relegates all offenses to only three categories: crimes against persons, crimes against property, and crimes against society.
No classification of crimes according to who is victimized is perfect. As Tulsa lawyers, we might categorize crimes as person crimes or property crimes to explain the gravity of a charge a person is facing.
For the purpose of explaining Oklahoma law, we find further classifications to be useful. We might look at crimes involving children as a subset of crimes against persons, crimes against justice as a subsection of crimes against society, and alcohol-related crimes or drug- related crimes as crimes against society or as victimless crimes.
Crimes against persons usually involve violence or the threat of violence against a person. The NIBRS classifies robbery as a property crime, or a crime against a property, although robbery necessarily involves using the element of fear to obtain property from another. Weapon law violations are classified as crimes against society, unless the weapon is used against a person in an aggravated assault — a crime against a person — or in a robbery, which is more widely considered a property crime.
Some violent crimes against persons are compounded when the victim represents a societal interest. Crimes against persons representing society, such as police officers or court officials, usually involve more severe penalties.
For our purposes, we might classify some crimes in more than one heading. Some headings may include crimes from two higher level categories — such as crimes involving children — which include crimes against society, crimes against decency, and crimes against persons.
The following list summarizes crimes against persons in Oklahoma:
Assault and Battery
Aggravated Assault and Battery
Aggravated Assault and Battery Peace Officer
Assault and Battery Office of Juvenile Affairs Employee
Assault and Battery on Court Officer
Assault and Battery on Detention Officer
Assault and Battery on DHS Employee
Assault and Battery on School Employee or Student
Assault and Battery on State Juvenile Employee
Assault and Battery on Umpire or Referee
Assault and Battery with Dangerous Weapon After Formal Conviction of a Felony
Assault and Battery with Dangerous Weapon Domestic
Assault and Battery with Dangerous Weapon Non Domestic
Assault and Battery with Deadly Weapon After Formal Conviction of a Felony
Assault and Battery with Deadly Weapon Domestic
Assault and Battery with Deadly Weapon Non Domestic
Assault and Battery with Intent to Commit Felony
Assault with Deadly Weapon on Police Officer
Accessory to Murder 1st Degree
Accessory to Murder 2nd Degree
Murder 1st Degree
Murder 2nd Degree
Solicit Murder 1st Degree
Manslaughter 1st Degree
Manslaughter 2nd Degree
Rape 1st Degree
Rape 1st Degree Minor
Rape 1st Degree After Formal Conviction of a Felony
Rape 2nd Degree
Rape 2nd Degree Minor
Rape 2nd Degree After Formal Conviction of a Felony
Rape by Force or Fear
Rape by Instrumentation
Rape by Instrumentation After Formal Conviction of a Felony
Rape by Instrumentation of Minor
Rape Mentally Infirm
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