Oklahoma Felonious Assault Law Explained

Requires Intent to Commit Another Specific Felony

definition of felonious assault in OklahomaIn Oklahoma, felonious assault is defined as an assault with the intent to commit any felony except an assault with the intent to kill. Okla. Stat. tit. 21 § 681

Felonious assault occurs when a person commits an assault during the commission of another felony. Without specific intent to commit a specific felony, felonious assault does not occur.

A felonious assault charge is often used in the context of rape and attempted rape cases. For example, attempted rape in the first degree rape can include both the attempted rape charge and the lesser offense of felonious assault.

The penalty for felonious assault is up to five years in prison time or up to a year in jail, a fine of up to $500, or both fines and incarceration.

Oklahoma takes threats upon a person’s health and safety seriously. Threats made against the health and safety of an individual, whether made during the commission of another crime or alone, can mean serious consequences in Oklahoma.

Oklahoma law has codified a web of possible assault and battery charges to ensure that when a threat is made on a person, no matter the circumstances, that the person who made the threat may be prosecuted.

Punishment for Attempt

Felonious assault can be somewhat different than attempted crimes described in the Punishment for Attempt statute. Okla. Stat. tit.21 § 42

A person cannot be convicted of attempting a crime if evidence shows they completed the crime. And failure to complete an intended crime does not absolve a person for other crimes committed during the attempt.

Even though a felonious assault fails to gain compliance of a robbery victim, the felonious assault may have been completed even though the robbery attempt failed. A person might be charged with attempted robbery or felonious assault.

The attempted crime statute states that if one attempts a crime and for whatever reason, the attempt fails, the punishment for the attempt will be:

  • half the longest term if the attempted crime, if completed has a sentence of four or more years; or
  • up to a year if the attempted crime, if completed crime has a sentence of less than four years.

For a conviction of attempted crimes, the maximum fine that may be imposed is half of the maximum which would be imposed if the crime is completed. And if the sentence for a completed crime allows for both a fine and imprisonment, both are halved. Okla. Stat. tit.21 § 42.

Attempt may be charged as a lesser included offense related to charges of a completed crime if the situation warrants it and if the prosecutor cannot prove the attempted crime was in fact perpetrated.

Planning or Threatening a Violent Act

Oklahoma defines planning or threatening a violent act as attempting or conspiring to perform a violent act involving serious bodily harm or death upon another. Okla. Stat. tit. 21 § 1378

Attempting, conspiring, or endeavoring to perform a violent act in Oklahoma is a felony punishable by up to 10 years in prison. Merely threatening the same act is a misdemeanor punishable by up to six months in county jail.

Threatening a violent act is considered a crime against public peace. A person may publicly or privately threaten a violent act without the intended victim ever knowing about the threat. Threatening a violent act differs from assault, because in assault the victim is directly threatened.

Planning a violent act, whether done alone or as part of a conspiracy, is a felony punishable by up to 10 years in prison. Planning is different than attempting a violent act in so far as a plan may be constructed without the performance of any act toward the commission of the crime.

Extortion Induced by Threats

Extortion induced by threats in Oklahoma is defined as threatening to:

  • unlawfully injure a person or property;
  • accuse a person of a crime;
  • expose a fault or disgrace; or
  • to expose another person’s secret
  • as extortion to achieve an intended end by the person threatening the other.

Okla. Stat. tit. 21 § 1482

Extortion is defined as the obtaining of another’s property through the wrongful use of force, fear of force, or under a cloak of an official right. Okla. Stat. tit.21 § 1481

Extortion is a felony punishable by a prison term up to five years. Attempted extortion is punishable by a jail term of up to two years. Okla. Stat. tit.21 § 1483

Simple Assault and Battery

In Oklahoma, a simple assault can be defined as an intentional attempt or threat of force or violence against another person. Okla. Stat. tit.21 § 641

In Oklahoma, a simple battery is defined as the intentional and unlawful use of force or violence against another. Okla. Stat. tit.21 § 642

So, assault is a menacing action that threatens the victim, while battery is the contact. These two crimes are often combined and charged together.

Robbery: A Crime of Threat and Fear

Robbery in Oklahoma is defined as:

  • the wrongful taking of another person’s property,
  • either directly from that person’s body or from their immediate surroundings,
  • against their will, and
  • through the use of force or fear.

Okla. Stat. tit. 21 § 791

The fear required may be either the fear of immediate or future injury to self, property, or family, or the fear that a companion of the robbed person will be immediately injured. Okla. Stat. tit.21 § 794

Robbery of the first degree is a felony punishable by at least 10 years in prison. Okla. Stat. tit.21 § 798

Robbery in the second degree is a felony punishable by up to 10 years in prison. Okla. Stat. tit.21 § 799

Many of statutes related to assault, use of force, and attempted crimes overlap. A matrix of similar but narrowly defined statutes allow prosecutors a lot of leeway in terms of how they want to charge a defendant.

Some of these statutes have more lenient sentencing guidelines, some more stringent. Each requires proof of particular facts to obtain a conviction. When those facts cannot be proven, the defendant must be found not guilty.

Free Consultation: Tulsa Criminal Defense Attorney

Crimes involving the threat of fear or force are severely treated in Oklahoma. If you are being charged, it is important to understand how charges may affect you and how they may overlap. Each charge requires proof of specific elements based on alleged facts.

For defense against felonious assault charges, retain a Tulsa criminal defense lawyer. Experienced Wirth Law Office criminal lawyers in Tulsa will know the court system and judges in the area. Do not delay. Your initial consultation is free.

Call 918-879-1681 or submit the question form at the top right of this page.

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